Medicine

4 lakh deaths annually make Tuberculosis India's enemy number 1

4 lakh deaths annually make Tuberculosis India's enemy number 1”

The effect, he said was that Ghana has recorded its first case of Extensively Drug-Resistant TB (XDR TB), which was a rare type of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis that is resistant to isoniazid and rifampin, plus any fluoroquinolone and at least one of three injectable second-line drugs. World Health Organization regional director for South-east Asia, Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh asked the countries to ensure all persons that have had contact with a TB patient are traced and also screened for the disease.

N-TB, an app for TB patients, was launched on March 24, World Tuberculosis Day.

India retains the dubious distinction of being the TB capital of the world since 2008.

On this World TB Day, we as a global community have a choice: We can either chip away at the problem or we can insist that our leaders take direct aim to stop TB.

In recent years, drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis have taken hold around the world, posing an increasingly urgent public health threat.

"It will also help to get an actual figure of how many people in Nigeria have TB". The newer anti-TB drug Bedaquiline has been introduced for DR-TB patients and Delamanid is set to be rolled out as well.

Earlier in around three years, TB care in the public health sector is seeing the improvement and not only it provides some major diagnostic facilities, but also in an expenditure of the new treatments, principally Bedaquiline, the newest anti-TB drug which introduced to cure the TB nearly four decades ago, worldwide, the doctors said. The first-line of treatment of TB involves taking a combination drugs daily over 6 months. "It has to a mission to End TB by 2025, through community participation, involving civil societies and other stakeholders", said Preeti Sudan, Secretary, union health ministry. Globally in 2016, an estimated 600,000 people developed drug-resistant TB (MDR-TB), and an estimated 4.1 million new cases of TB have not been officially reported. When treatment is not completed, there are high chances of reinfection with severe forms such as multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB), extremely-drug resistant TB (XDR-TB) and the deadliest totally-drug resistant TB (TDR-TB). Around 95% cases are from the developing countries. One person can infect a minimum of 4 people during the course of disease.

The effects of TB can be felt even after a patient is fully cured.

According to the National TB Control Program, the major factor responsible for the large TB disease burden in Kenya is the concurrent HIV epidemic.

This year's campaign is dubbed "Wanted: Leaders for a TB-Free World, you can make history".

The app is specially designed for TB patients to provide them nutritional information.

Urban Development Minister Nabam Rebia flagged off a TB awareness procession from Nyorch village market complex to the ZPC hall.

Also, the unavailability of a healthy and balanced diet among the poor classes makes these classes more susceptible to the disease.



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