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North Korea earned millions flouting sanctions

North Korea earned millions flouting sanctions”

Reuters reported earlier that North Korea had shipped coal to Russian Federation a year ago which was then delivered to South Korea and Japan in a likely violation of United Nations sanctions.

The United States led the push for tough economic sanctions against North Korea after its sixth nuclear test and a series of ballistic missile launches that indicated the U.S. mainland could soon be within reach of a nuclear strike by Pyongyang.

"The DPRK [North Korea] is already flouting the most recent resolutions by exploiting global oil supply chains, complicit foreign nationals, offshore company registries and the worldwide banking system", the report reads.

It said "there was proof that Pyongyang was helping Syria to develop chemical weapons and providing ballistic missiles to Myanmar".

Myanmar's UN Ambassador said the Myanmar government has "no ongoing arms relationship, whatsoever, with North Korea".

North Korea's economy has been heavily reliant on Beijing-$2.3 million of the $2.83 billion total exports were shipped to China in 2015.

According to a panel of experts, both Syria and Myanmar continue to work with North Korea's main arms exporter, KOMID, which is on the UN's sanctions blacklist. Countries involved in trade with the rogue state include China, Russia and Malaysia.

United Nations resolutions adopted in September and December restricted exports of petroleum products to North Korea. Coal is also said to have been exported to several countries, including South Korea, using, quote, "a combination of multiple evasion techniques, routes and deceptive tactics". The UN monitors said all those shipments "would constitute a violation of the resolution, if confirmed". Between 2012 and 2017, Pyongyang has reportedly conducted over 40 shipments to the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Center, a body that oversees the chemical weapons program in the country.

The UN monitors "also investigated cases of ship-to-ship transfers of petroleum products in violation (of UN sanctions). and found that the network behind these vessels is primarily based in Taiwan province of China". It then banned all exports of coal by North Korea on August 5.

Over the past year, North Korea has been subject to three Security Council resolutions imposing sanctions for detonating its sixth and most powerful nuclear test as well as a spate of ballistic missile tests showing signs of advanced technology.

THE UNITED NATIONS MONITORS, in the 213-page report, referring to North Korea by its official name, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

It pointed out that Chinese food, fruit and household products were still being sold in North Korea.



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